VITO determines the composition and migration of chemical substances from food contact materials (FCM: packaging materials, kitchen utensils, pipes, ...).
Typical determinations are the migration of primary aromatic amines, formaldehyde and phthalates from polyamide, melamine and PVC kitchen utensils, respectively. In addition, typical environmental contaminants in food are being analysed (eg. PAHs, PCBs, flame retardants and dioxins) but also substances from food production processes (e.g. THI and 4-MEI in caramel colours). The VITO laboratory is ISO 17025 accredited and has e.g. an accreditation for the determination of dioxins, PCBs and PAHs in food.
Modelling and interpretation
Besides analysing, VITO can also predict the presence of chemicals in food products through self-developed computer models. This has already been done for substances like heavy metals, dioxins and phthalates. Both measurement and modelling results allow to comply your product development process with legal requirements such as maximum residue values. Moreover, the results can be used for human exposure and risk assessments.
Materials and articles intended to come into contact with food meet different requirements:
General Framework Regulation (EC) no. 1935/2004 for materials and articles intended to come into contact with foods. This Regulation provides that specific measures can be taken at European or national level for certain categories of materials (1. Active and intelligent materials and articles 2. Adhesives 3. Ceramics 4. Cork 5. Rubber, 6. Glass, 7 . Resins with ion exchangers, 8. Metals and alloys, 9. Paper and paperboard, 10. Plastic, 11. Printing Ink 12. Regenerated cellulose, 13. Silicone, 14. Textile 15. Varnishes and coatings, 16. Wax 17. Wood).
Regulation 2023/2006 good manufacturing practices
Legislation on specific materials
Directive 84/500/EEC - approximating EU countries' laws on ceramic articles intended to come into contact with foods
Directive 2007/42/EC - materials and articles made of regenerated cellulose film intended to come into contact with foods
Regulation EC 282/2008 - recycled plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foods
Regulation EC 450/2009 - active and intelligent materials and articles intended to come into contact with food
Regulation EU 10/2011 - plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food
Legislation on specific substances
Regulation 1895/2005/EC - restricting use of certain epoxy derivatives in materials and articles intended to come into contact with food
Directive 93/11/EEC - release of N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances from rubber teats and soothers
Legislation BPA baby bottles
Legislation phthalates in toys, personal care products (including teats)
Directive 315/93 / EEC