The hospital’s goal is to move from 50 % renewable energy in 2031 to fully self-sufficient energy management in 2050 on its future unified campus in Hasselt (Belgium), where three existing care campuses and a logistics campus will be centralised. VITO/EnergyVille was engaged to design the energy system, and concluded that the best solution was a heating and cooling network based on geothermal energy. This is how VITO/EnergyVille is helping healthcare facilities with the transition to sustainable systems. Institutions can contact VITO/EnergyVille for advice on water management, as well as energy.

The Salvator Plus site, where the centralised Jessa Hospital campus will be realised, will be one of the most important construction sites in Hasselt in the next few years. This campus will be called Ons Zorgpark, and will bring together three existing hospitals and a logistics campus that are currently spread over Hasselt and Herk-de-Stad, with a total capacity of nine hundred beds. Various care functions will be combined, including specialist hospital services, an out-of-hours GP practice and a paediatrician for students. Two large wings more than 80-metres high will form the core of the campus, and dominate the Hasselt skyline.

Demolition of the existing buildings on the site will start in 2024. Excavations for the first foundations for the new building are planned for 2025. The opening and major relocation operation is scheduled for 2031. By 2030, we will have already passed an important milestone in the transition to a climate-neutral future in Europe. The interim targets are to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases by 50 % compared to 1990, and ensure that the energy supplied from renewable sources covers around a third of total needs. Ons Zorgpark will meet this latter target easily. ‘When opening, about half the energy we consume will be derived from renewable sources,’ says Karl Zwinnen from Jessa Hospital’s Infrastructure & Master Planning Department. ‘By 2050, our aim is to be completely energy neutral, meaning we’ll generate all the energy we consume ourselves. This generation will be fossil-free, so no gas or heating oil.’

Innovative geothermal grid

Jessa Hospital’s energy objectives reflect the sustainability transition that the hospital group is undergoing. This transition, which goes beyond the field of energy and includes other areas such as water management (see box), is more difficult than it may seem at first sight. Zwinnen:’ It goes without saying that health is always the priority in our sector, which is why sustainability wasn’t always at the top of the agenda. As a result, hospitals are still lagging behind in this area.’ Hospitals also consume a lot of energy, as is illustrated by the fact that the largest current hospital in the Jessa group accounts for 10 % of Hasselt’s total power consumption. New technology is also responsible for even higher energy consumption. ‘Medical scanners, for example, are improving and their resolution is increasing, but this requires more power. We see the same happening in our labs, where more and more analyses are carried out by robots instead of people. These kinds of innovations therefore often imply higher energy consumption and associated costs.’

Where will Ons Zorgpark get all the energy it needs? Some will come from solar panels that will be installed on both the roofs and walls of the new buildings, but most of the energy needed will be generated by an innovative geothermal network, which will be used for both heating and cooling. This network, which will use the shallow subsurface as both a source and storage area for energy, is the ideal solution. Energy experts from

VITO/EnergyVille came to this conclusion following an energy study conducted on behalf of Jessa Hospital.

The sandy subsoil on the Salvator Plus site turned out to be particularly suitable for shallow geothermal energy. ‘It’s possible to generate much more energy than is needed,’ says Gert Moermans of VITO/EnergyVille. For this reason, an additional feasibility study also examined whether the thermal network could be extended to various neighbouring industrial and business parks. This turned out to be technically possible, but not economically feasible. ‘The investments that the owners of the buildings in these areas would have to make are too high. As a result, the network is limited to the Salvator Plus site.’ This may change in the future if it is linked to other thermal networks, such as the Recor site two kilometres away, where a modern business park is currently being built that will also rely on shallow geothermal energy for heating and cooling.

Seasonal energy storage

The energy study was based on the current energy demands of the four existing Jessa campuses. This data and future forecasts were used by the experts from VITO/EnergyVille to calculate the energy needs of the future campus. ‘We took all the relevant factors into account, such as the type of building or department,’ says Thomas Neven of VITO/EnergyVille. For their study, the experts assumed the use of sustainable energy, heat and cold storage and heat pumps. These preconditions determined how much freedom they had in their search for solutions.

One unusual innovation proposed by VITO/EnergyVille in its recommended thermal network is wide-ranging energy exchange. This enables heat released during the permanent cooling of the operating quarters to be used elsewhere, for example. In addition, if the network is unable to immediately dissipate that recovered heat, it can be stored underground in the form of hot water injected into the sandy soil. Neven: ‘This thermal coupling with the subsoil broadens the time window in which energy circulates and is exchanged. We can store excess heat in the summer as seasonal storage, and then use it again in the colder seasons. A geothermal system is ideal for this job.’

The role of VITO/EnergyVille went beyond mere presentation of the results of the study. The energy specialists are also making sure that the design principles are communicated to the architects and engineering office appointed by the client. These can then use the principles in the further planning and construction of the thermal network.

As mentioned, making the healthcare sector more sustainable is quite a challenge. Among other issues, energy renovations have to be carried out while a hospital continues to function, and the security of the energy supply overrides other considerations when planning renovations or new construction. Despite this, more and more hospitals are now opting to increase sustainability, encouraged by high energy bills and initiatives from the Flemish government such as the Green Deal Sustainable Care that kicked off in 2023. ‘Sustainability and health go hand-in-hand,’ says Karl Zwinnen. ‘At the moment, both are of the utmost importance to us, so we’re deeply committed, together with our design team, to ensuring sustainability is respected from the earliest design stages of Ons Zorgpark. This also proves how seriously we take our social responsibility.’

The study work for Jessa Hospital shows that VITO/EnergyVille is the ideal partner for hospitals and healthcare institutions to turn to for tailor-made advice on their sustainability transition.

Sustainable water management in healthcare

VITO can also help healthcare facilities make their water management more sustainable. The WaterClimateHub, a research and innovation hub in which VITO’s rich and broad expertise on water is bundled, is the expert in this area. ‘We can advise and assist hospitals about various areas of water management,’ says Karen Vanderstraeten of VITO. ‘We can help them use water more efficiently and reduce consumption through more circular management. We also have extensive experience in the field of water quality. This includes experience with regard to micro-pollutants such as plastic particles or, important in a healthcare context, medicinal residues.’ The tools VITO has developed to help prepare companies and organisations for water stress can also be useful in the healthcare sector. ‘One example is our Water Barometer, which provides insight into alternative water sources in an area, among other things. Healthcare facilities can use these to help find local partners with which they can share water.’

VITO recently provided UPC Duffel, a psychiatric centre, with a number of ideas, concepts and options for sustainable energy and water management for the new master plans for its site. That led to some VITO water and energy experts exchanging ideas with the Emmaüs group. ‘By sitting down together, we can learn first-hand about the needs of the healthcare sector in terms of water and energy management. During our meetings, we also put some potential sustainable solutions on the table for inspiration. One thing has become clear; in the context of the Green Deal, we can help make the healthcare sector more sustainable with our multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary VITO teams, and help shape (pilot) projects, according to Vanderstraeten.

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