As a weather-dependent activity, agriculture is one of the sectors most impacted by climate change. In the African Sahel region, where farmland neighbours the world’s largest desert, rainfall is decreasing, and weather is becoming more unpredictable and extreme. This is the case in Mali, the 7th most climate vulnerable country in the world, where smallholder farmers produce 80% of food, but are facing an 11% decrease in rainfall the next 50 years.

January 2023 - December 2024
+32 14 33 67 93


In this VITO-led project, we explore the effectiveness of promising climate adaptation measures for resilient crop production in Mali. Sorghum takes centre stage, as one of the main food crops for the population and a promising bet for the hotter and drier weather conditions:

  • Support national experts and scientists in using crop models in combination with climate information tools to estimate present and future sorghum yields. This is done through a series of workshops and training visits.
  • Expand the availability of key crop and climate data, namely by expanding VITO’s CLIMTAG platform to cover Mali.
  • Assess the performance of adaptive management practices (such as resistant varieties, water-saving measures) in delivering robust sorghum yields and better coping with the future climatic conditions.
  • Stimulate the regional scientific and policymaking communities in jointly addressing the climate adaptation issues by disseminating the findings and promoting institutional collaboration and co-creation.